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中考完形填空+阅读理解学习 参考 练习

2020-09-09 19:04:03
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 选择题、完形填空、阅读理解和词汇应用专练

 姓名____________班级___________得分_____________

 本卷满分70分,考试时间45分钟。请同学们认真审题,尽量答对所有题目!

 一、单项填空(本题有10小题;每小题1分,共10分)

 从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项。

 1. Which is your sister?

  She is _____girl with ______ small nose.

 A. a; an B. the; a C. the; the D. an; an

 2. Is your schoolbag like Lucy’s ?

  No, I think mine is more beautiful than ____________.

 A. hers B. yours C. ours D. theirs

 3. The iPhone 4S _________ me 5,000 yuan .

  Wow, So much ! I can’t afford it.

 A. took B. spent C .paid D. cost

 4. What do you think of Tom’s writing.

  No one does ________ in our class. We can hardly read the words.

 A. good B. better C worst D. worse

 5. You’d better work hard , _________you will fail in the exam.

 A. and B. but C. or D. unless

 6. Do you know _________he is going to go back from his hometown.

  No, I don’t . Maybe in a month.

 A. When B. What C. How long D. How soon

 7. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

  It _________be rainy, cloudy or sunny. Who knows?.

 A. must B. may C. can’t D. should

 8. Look! The light is still on in Ms Huang’s office.

  I’m afraid she ______ his work yet.

 A. doesn’t finish B. didn’t finish C. hasn’t finished D. won’t finish

 9. Would you please tell me __________________?

  OK, her name is Tina.

 A. What was her name B. What her name was

 C. What is her name D. What her name is

 10. Sorry , I have hurt your foot.

  ________. It’s nothing serious.

 A. That’s all right B. I’m sorry to say so

 C. How careless D. You must be careful

 二、完形填空(本题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项

 The Love of a *Hunchback

 Moses Mendelssohn, the grandfather of the well-known German *composer, was far from being handsome. He was rather short in height and had an ugly *humpback.

 One day he visited a businessman in Hamburg__11___ had a lovely daughter named Frumtje. Moses fell hopelessly in love with ___12__. But Frumtje was refused by his ___13__ appearance.

 ?When it came time for him to ___14___ Moses got up his *courage and climbed the stairs to her___15____ to take one last opportunity to speak with her.

 She was really a beauty, but made him deeply ___16__ by her *refusal to look at him. Then he tried to ___17__ with her , Moses shyly asked, "Do you believe marriages are made in *heaven?"

 ?“Yes,” she answered, still ____18___ the floor. “And do you?”

 “Yes I do,” he replied. "You see, in heaven __19___ the birth of each boy, the *Lord announces which girl he will ___20___. When I was born, my future wife was pointed out to me. Then the Lord added, ‘__21__your wife will be humpbacked.’

 ?“ Right then and there I called out, 'Oh Lord, a humpbacked __22___ would be a *tragedy. Please, Lord, give me the hump and let her be __23____.”

 ?Then Frumtje looked up into his ___24___ and was awaken by some deep memory. She reached out and gave Mendelssohn her hand and later became his ____25____.

 ( ) 11. A. which B. where C. who D. whose

 ( ) 12 .A . she B. he C. her D. him

 ( ) 13. A. handsome B. good-looking C. ugly D. beautiful

 ( ) 14. A. speak B. leave C. run D. sleep

 ( ) 15. A. room B. home C. house D. kitchen

 ( ) 16. A. happy B. excited C. angry D. sad

 ( ) 17. A. argue B. tell C. talk D. say

 ( ) 18. A. looking up B. looking for C. looking at D. looking around

 ( ) 19. A. at B. on C. in D. for

 ( ) 20.A. help B. marry C. save D. visit

 ( ) 21.A. however B. so C. But D. although

 ( ) 22.A. man B. boy C. woman D. person

 ( ) 23.A. smart B. clever C. beautiful D. ugly

 ( ) 24. A. eyes B. face C. nose D. back

 ( ) 25. A. husband B. daughter C. son D wife

 三、阅读理解(本题有15小题,每小题每题2分,共30分)

 阅读下面短文,从各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

 A

 根据图示所提供的信息选择最佳答案:

 26. The city of Miramichi is in the _______ part of New Brunswick.

 A. eastern? B. southern C. western D. northern

 27. From the map, the?distance from Boston to Bathurst is _______ that from Boston to Saint John.

 A. shorter than? B. longer than? C. as long as D. as short as

 28. New Brunswick is in _______ according to the information above.

 A. the USA? B. Brazil? C. Canada D. Mexico

 B

 According to a new survey,students’ safety has become a big problem. Nearly 50% of students say they are worried about *robbery on the way to and from school. Now in main big cities, in China some schools have taught all unusual lessons: self-protection. Students like this lesson because there are no exams or boring classes. And they can learn how to save lives and know how to stop danger before it really happens.

 Here’ some advice on how to deal with danger

 If you are robbed.

 Keep calm. lf you can not cry for help or run away. Give the robber your money. Try to remember what the robber looks like and tell the police later.

 If you are in a traffic accident.

 It a car hits you. You should remember the car number. If it is a bicycle. Try to call your parents before you let the rider go. This is because you don't know how seriously you are hurt

 If it is raining hard and there is *lighting.

 Don’t stay in high places and stay away from trees.

 When there is a fire. Get away as fast as yon can. Put wet things on your body and try to find an exit. Do not take the lift.

 If someone is *drowning

 If you can’t swim, don’t get into the water. Cry out for help.

 Remember that danger is never as far away as you think. Take care of yourself at all times!

 29. The students like the self-protection lesson, because___________.

 ①Because there are no tests.

 ②Because the lessons are boring

 ③ Because they can learn how to save lives.

 ④Because they know how to stop danger before it happens.

 A. ①② B. ②③ C. ①②④ D. ①③④

 30. lf your house is on fire, you must _______.

 A. put dry things on your body

 B. run quickly and take the lift

 C. run away and find an exit as quickly as you Can

 D. take everything you have and then run away

 31. Which is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

 A. There are 4 ways of self-protection mentioned in the passage.

 B. If a bicycle hurt you, you should call your parents before you let the rider go

 C. If someone is drowning, you must get into the water to save the person.

 D. If it is raining hard and there is *lighting. You could stay under the trees to keep off rain.

 32. The best title for this passage is________ .

 A. How to Keep Calm B. Self-protection

 C. An usual lesson D. Danger

 C?

  Sometimes people call ours a “throwaway society”. That means that we’re always throwing away old things and buying new ones. Many times, you no longer need something, but someone else may just need to buy one. For example, if your baby doesn’t like his toy car any longer, why not give it to a nearly family who has a little kid? That’s one less plastic toy car that they need to buy. It’s also one less plastic toy that needs to be produced, packaged and shipped to the toy store.

 Here are some other ways to help save resources for the society:

 ★Use the other side of the paper.

 ★Use *rechargeable batteries for your electric toys, MP3 players, cell phones, and cameras.

 ★ Choose reusable travel cups instead of *disposable paper or plastic cups.

 ★Take your own cloth shopping bags when you go shopping.

 ★ Drink tap water instead of buying bottled water.

 And there are some things you can exchange with your friends, for example, books, toys, even clothes. It's a way for everyone to get something new without spending any money and without throwing many things away.

 33. The underlined word "ours" in the passage refers to (指代) _______.

 A. our society B. our old things

 C. our life D. our throwaway things

 34. According to the writer, if we give a second - hand toy car to a neighbor kid, we can____.

 A. buy another new one? B. help toy business develop

 C. make the family very thankful to us? D. help save resources for the society

 35. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

 A. We should buy things that can be reused in our daily life.

 B. We can exchange some things with others for further use.

 C. It's good for us to throw away old things and buy new ones.

 D. We are supposed to give the things we no longer need to our neighbors.

 36. What should we do in our daily life after reading the passage?

 A. Try to throw as few old things as we can.

 B. Use as many disposable things as possible.

 C. Drink bottled water even though there is tap water around.

 D. Buy everything we need instead of exchanging them with others.

 D

 An eight-year-old child heard her parents talking about her little brother. All she knew was that he was very sick and they had no money. Only a very expensive operation could save him now and there was no one to lend them the money.

 When she heard her daddy say to her tearful mother,“Only a miracle can save him now,” the little girl went to her bedroom and pulled her money from its hiding place and counted it carefully.

 She hurried to a drugstore with the money in her hand.

 “And what do you want?” asked the salesman. “It’s for my little brother,” the girl answered. “He’s really, really sick and I want to buy a miracle.” “Pardon?” said the salesman.

 “My brother Andrew has something bad growing in-side his head and my daddy says only a miracle can save him. So how much does a miracle cost?” “We don‘t sell a miracle here, child. I’m sorry,” the salesman said with a smile.

 “Listen, if it isn‘t enough,I can try and get some more. Just tell me how much it costs.”

 A well-dressed man heard it and asked,“What kind of a miracle does your brother need?”

 “I don‘t know,” she answered with her eyes full of tears. “He’s really sick and mum says he needs an operation. But my daddy can‘t pay for it, so I have brought all my money.”

 “How much do you have?” asked the man. “$ 1.11, but I can try and get some more,” she answered.

 “Well, what luck,” smiled the man. “$ 1.11, the price of a miracle for little brothers.”

 He took up the girl‘s hand and said,“Take me to where you live. I want to see your brother and meet your parents. Let’s see if I have the kind of miracle you need.”

 That well-dressed man was Dr Carlton Armstrong, a famous doctor. The operation was successful and it wasn‘t long before Andrew was home again.

 How much did the miracle cost ?

 37. In the eye of the little girl,a miracle might be _______.

  A. something interesting B. something beautiful

  C. some wonderful medicine? D. some good food

 38. The little girl said again and again “…I can try and get some more.” That shows _______.

  A. she had still kept some money B. she hoped not to be refused

  C. There was no need to worry about money?

 D. she thought money was easy to get

 39. What made the miracle happen?

  A. The girl's love for her brother. B. The girl's money.

  C. The medicine from the drugstore.? D. Nobody can tell.

 40. From the passage we can infer (推断) that _______.

  A. The doctor didn't ask for any pay

  B. A miracle is sure to happen if you keep on

  C. The little girl is lovely but not so clever

  D. Andrew was in fact not so sick as they had thought

 小 词 典

 小 词 典

 composer n. 作曲家 courage n.勇气 disposable adj. 一次性的drowning n.溺水 humpback n.驼背 heaven n.天堂

 lighting n. 闪电 Lord n.上主 rechargeable adj.可充电

 refusal n.拒绝 robbery n. 抢劫 tragedy n. 悲剧

 

 

 四、词汇运用(本题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

 A. 用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空。每词限用一次。

 difference leaf habit true strict

 41. It’s autumn, the _________ on the trees are falling .

 42. To tell the ______ I am very nervous.

 43. It is a good ______for students to take note while listening.

 44. Ms Huang is very _____with us. We will be punished if we don’t finish homework on time.

 45. There are some________ between boys and girls on learning method.

 B.根据短文内容和所给中文提示,写出空白处各单词的正确形式。每空限填一词

 Father’s Day is around the corner. It is on June the_____(九), Mary is thinking about what to do for her father who lives ________ (独自)in the _______(东)of Wenzhou for ______ (相当) a few years. It is _____(事实)that Mary is too busy to _____ (花)time with her father. She only _____ (寄)some money to him. So she feels guilty for not taking good _____(照顾)of her father. On father’s Day, She plans to do something special for him. Maybe she would cook _____ (晚餐)for him. She knows her father like eating kinds of meat _______(包括) beef, pork ,mutton . So she plans to buy lots of meat and cook delicious dishes for him. She hopes her father would be happy on the special day.

 完型填空 1-5 CCCBA 6-10 DCCAB 11-15 CCCAD

 阅读理解 1-5 AAB DB 6-10 CB ADC 11-15 A CBA

 

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