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2015中考英语常考句型

2020-09-09 19:03:50
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 2015中考英语常考句型

 1.There be句型

 ①There be +n(复、单)+某处/某时 表示某处有某物,注:适用邻近原则

 There is a desk and two chairs in my room . There are sixty minutes in an hour .文档来自于网络搜索

 ②对There be 句型的主谓提问用what ,动词用is (因为主语为特殊疑问词)

 There are two pears in the bag . What’s in the bag ?文档来自于网络搜索

 ③对There be 句型中的数量提问:

 How many +n. (复) +are there +地点 ?

 ④表猜测的There be结构为:There must be a dog behind the door .文档来自于网络搜索

 ⑤表示“某处有某人在做什么”的句型:

 There be +sb +doing +地点

 There are a lot of people waiting for the bus there . 那里有许多人在等车文档来自于网络搜索

 ⑥表示(没)有(足够)时间去做某事的句型:

 There be no/enough time to do sth .

 There is no/enough time to have breakfast . (没)有足够的时间吃早饭。文档来自于网络搜索

 2.“该到某人做某事的时间了”句型:

 It’s time(for sb) to do sth 或 It’s time (for sb) + n / doing .文档来自于网络搜索

 It’s time (for me ) to have class . 或 It’s time (for me) for class/for leaving class .文档来自于网络搜索

 3.表示“建议”的句型

 ①Let’s do sth . ②What about doing sth . ? ③Why not do sth . ?文档来自于网络搜索

 ④Shall we do ……? ⑤Will you please do sth ? ⑥Would you like (sb) to do …?文档来自于网络搜索

 4.表示“委婉请求”的句型

 ①May / Could / Can I do ……? 我能为你做什么吗?

 May I borrow your bike ?我可以借你的自行车用吗?

 ②What can I do for you ? = Can I help you ?我能为你做什么吗?文档来自于网络搜索

 5.be going to 句型

 主语+be going to +动词原形,表示计划、打算做某事

 I’m going to help the farmers pick apples next Sunday . 下周日我将帮农民摘苹果。文档来自于网络搜索

 6.“对时间提问”的句型

 ①What’s the time (by your watch)? / What time is it ? It’s half past ten ?文档来自于网络搜索

 ②What day (of the week) is it today ? It’s Monday . 今天星期几?星期一文档来自于网络搜索

 ③What date is it today? = What day of the month is it today ? 今天几号?文档来自于网络搜索

 7.“对尺寸提问”的句型

 What size + 一般疑问句?(就衣服、鞋尺寸大小提问)

 What size does she want ? 她要多大号的?

 8.“对颜色提问”的句型

 What colour is / are + n ?

 What colour is Tom’s shirt? It’s black and white . 汤姆的衬衫什么颜色?黑白相间的文档来自于网络搜索

 9.“几加几得几”的句型

 What’s …..and / plus …..? It’s …..(无论多少项相加,be动词者用 is)文档来自于网络搜索

 10.“、、、、、是谁的”的句型

 Whose + n + is / are + this /those ? = whose is / are + this / those + n ?文档来自于网络搜索

 11.“多、、、、、”的句型

 How far is it from ?离、、、、多远 How big is it ?它多大?

 How long、、、、多久(指时间长度) How soon 、、、、多久以后(用于将来时)

 How many + 复数名词、、、、有多少、、、、 How much +不可数名词、、、、多少、、、、文档来自于网络搜索

 12.“对价格提问”的句型

 How much + is / are + n ? = What’s the price of + n ?文档来自于网络搜索

 13.“人口数量”的提问句型

 What’s the population of +地点名词?=How many people are there+地点状语?文档来自于网络搜索

 14.“目前已、、、、、”的句型

 So far ……have done .

 We have learned three English songs so far . 到目前为止,我们已经学了三首歌。文档来自于网络搜索

 15.“自从、、、、已多久”的句型

 It’s +时间段+ since+过去时间点/过去时态的从句

 It’s three months since he left his hometown . 自从他离开家乡已三个月了。文档来自于网络搜索

 = He left his hometown three months ago .

 = Three months has been passed since he left his hometown .文档来自于网络搜索

 16.表示距离(某处)具体有多远be+数字+单位away(from+地点)

 The moon is 380,000 kilometres away from the earth . 月球离地球有38万公里。文档来自于网络搜索

 17.计量的表达法:主语+ be +数词+metres / kilometres + long/wide/high/tall/deep等形容词。文档来自于网络搜索

 The river is about 100 metres deep . 这条河大约有100米深

 18.表示“是、、、、的原因” This / That is why ……..

 That is why he was late for school .那就是他上学迟到的原因。

 19. on one hand , …..on the other hand 表示“一方面、、、、另一方面”文档来自于网络搜索

 TV is important for us today . On one hand , we can know what is happening on the other side of the world . On the other hand we can spend our spare time on it .文档来自于网络搜索

 如今电视对我们来说非常重要。一方面,我们可以知道世界其它地方正发生的事件。另一方面,我们可以度过我们的休闲时光。文档来自于网络搜索

 20.“as…..as”的句型

 as +形/副原级+as……. 和、、、、一样、、、、

 Kate is as tell as I (am) / me . 凯特没有我高。

 21.“less….than ….”与“not ….as(so)….as”“、、、、不如、、、、”的句型文档来自于网络搜索

 This book is not as interesting as that one . = This book is less interesting than that one .(less 和than 之间要用原形)文档来自于网络搜索

 22.“the+比较级、、、、,the+比较级、、、、”“越、、、,就越、、、”句型

 The more you eat , the fatter you are . 你吃得越多,就越胖。

 23.“比较级+ and +比较级”“越来越”的句型

 He becomes stronger and stronger .他越来越健壮。

 24."比较级+than all the other+(单)"的句型,"比较级+than+any other+(单)"的句型文档来自于网络搜索

 Li Feng sings better than all the other boys in the class .文档来自于网络搜索

 = Li Feng sings better than any other boys in the class .文档来自于网络搜索

 = Li Feng sings best of all the boys in the class .文档来自于网络搜索

 25."too…..to"的句型

 too + adj + to do太以致于不能

 My sister is too young to go to school .我妹妹太小,不能上学.文档来自于网络搜索

 26. “so….that….”句型

 so+形/副词原形+that从句

 太...以致于...

 My sister is so young that she can’t go to school .(同上)文档来自于网络搜索

 27. “adj + enough + to do” 足够去做的句型

 My sister is not old enough to go to school .我妹妹不够上学的年龄.文档来自于网络搜索

 28."你最好做"句型

 ①had better + do sth"你最好" had better not + do sth “你最好不..."文档来自于网络搜索

 ②It’s best (for sb) to do sth . 对...来说,做...是最好的It’s best for you to learn swimming in summer . 夏天学游泳对你来说是最好的.文档来自于网络搜索

 29. “no matter how + adj / adv+从句”

 无论怎样

 No matter how cold it is outside , the old man keeps running every morning .无论外面有多冷,老人仍然每天早晨坚持跑步.文档来自于网络搜索

 30.have nothing to do with 与无关

 This has nothing to do with you . 这跟你无关.

 31."该轮到某人做某事"的句型

 It’s one’s turn to do sth .

 32."对职业提问"的句型

 ①What does your mother do ? ②What’s your mother’s job ?文档来自于网络搜索

 ③What is your mother ? ④What kind of work does your mother do ?文档来自于网络搜索

 33."问路"的句型

 the way to the hospital ?

 ①Can you tell me how I can get to the hospital ?

 how to get to the hospital ?

 ②Which is the way to the hospital ? ③Which way is to the hospital ?文档来自于网络搜索

 ④Excuse me , where is the hospital ?

 (注): 其中的get可由空格的数量换成 arrive at/in或 reach

 34."花费"的句型

 ①It takes sb some time to do sth .做某事花费了某人多长时间(主语为形式主语it)文档来自于网络搜索

 ②sb + spend +时间/钱 +(in) doing sth .某人花费多少时间/金钱做...(主语为人)文档来自于网络搜索

 ③sb + spend + 金钱+ on+ sth 某人花...钱于某物上(主语为人)

 ④sth + cost sb + 金钱

  某物花费某人多少钱(主语为物)

 ⑤sb + pay +钱 +for + sth 某人为某人/物付了款(主语为人)

 35."出毛病了,怎么了"的句型

 ①What’s wrong with your watch ?

 ②What’s the matter with your watch ?

 ③What’s the trouble with your watch ?2014中考英语常考句型

 36."感叹句的构成"句型

 ①What + adj + n + (主语+谓语) !

 What修饰感叹主语前的名词

 What a tall tree ( it is ) ! 多么高的一棵树啊!

 ②How + adj/adv + (主语+谓语) !

 How 修饰感叹主语前的形容词或副词

 How tall the tree is ! 这棵树多么高啊!

 How hard they are working !他们学得多么刻苦啊!

 37."告诉别人路程"的句型

 Go (walk) along / down / up the road , take the second turning on the left , you’ll find it . 沿着这条路走,在第二个路口处向左拐,你就会找到了.文档来自于网络搜索

 38."对事物看法如何"的句型

 ①What do you think of the teacher ? Great . 这个老师怎样?太棒了.文档来自于网络搜索

 ②How do you like the book ? Very much . 这本书如何?很不错.(like为动词)文档来自于网络搜索

 ③Which + n + do you like better , A or B ?A和B你更喜欢哪一个?文档来自于网络搜索

 ④Which + n + do you like best , A , B or C ? A,B和C你最喜欢哪一个?文档来自于网络搜索

 39."天气如何"的句型

 ①What’s the weather like ? = What do you think of the weather ?文档来自于网络搜索

 ②How is the weather ? = How do you like the weather ?文档来自于网络搜索

 40."是什么意思"的句型

 ①What do you mean by “tiger” ? "tiger"是什么意思?

 ②What does “tiger” mean ?

 ③What’s the meaning of “tiger” ?

 ④What do you mean by “tiger” ?

 41."两者都"句型 both……and……

 Both mother and father are teachers . = Both of them are teachers . 爸,妈都是老师.文档来自于网络搜索

 42."两者都不"的句型

 neither….nor…..(具有就近原则)既不,也不

 Neither I nor my father likes football .= Neither my father nor I like football .文档来自于网络搜索

 = Neither of us like football .(全否)我和爸爸都不喜欢足球.

 43."或者"句型

 either….or…. 或者,...或者(两者之一)(具有就近原则)

 Either she or Lily is a doctor .或者她,或者丽丽是医生.

 = Either of them is a doctor .

 = Both of them are not doctors . 他们两个不都是医生.(部分否定)

 44. “none of …..与all of….”句型

 All of the students/ All the students are League members .所有的学生都是团员.文档来自于网络搜索

 All of the students / All the students are not League members .文档来自于网络搜索

 不是所有的学生都是团员.(部分否定)

 None of the students is a League member . 没有一个学生是团员.(全否)文档来自于网络搜索

 (注:但既指人又指物;而只指人)

 45.as + adj/adv + as possible 尽可能地

 Please come to school as early as possible . 请尽可能早地到校.文档来自于网络搜索

 46. “It’s + adj for sb to do sth 与It’s + adj of sb to do sth.”的句型文档来自于网络搜索

 ①It’s + adj for sb to do sth做某事对某人来说的难易程度

 It’s difficult for him to learn it . 对他来说要学会它很难.

 ②It’s + adj of sb to do sth . 做某事说明某人的品质,性情如何

 It’s very nice / kind of you to help me . 帮助我,你太好了.文档来自于网络搜索

 47. “find / think + it + adj for sb to do sth.”句型

 I find it difficult for me to learn English well .我发现要学好英语对我来说太难了.文档来自于网络搜索

 (it为形式宾语,真正的宾语是不定式to learn English well , difficult是形容词作宾补)= I find it is difficult for me to learn English well .(宾语从句形式)文档来自于网络搜索

 48."主语+be+表示情绪的形容词+to do"句型

 I am glad to see you .我很高兴见到你.

 49. “sorry抱歉”句型

 ①I’m sorry for that .我为那件事感到抱歉.(for + 代词)

 ②I’m sorry to hear that .听到那件事很难过.(加不定式)

 ③I’m sorry that I’m late again . 很抱歉我又迟到了.(加从句)

 50.“afraid害怕”句型

 ① I’m afraid to do sth 害怕做、、、、(加不定式)

 ②I’m afraid of doing sth . 担心、、、、的后果(加动名词)

 ③I’m afraid that +从句 ④I’m afraid of +动名词

 51.“get ready 与 be ready” 句型

 ①be (get) ready for + 名词“为某事做准备”

 ②be (get) ready to + 动词原形 “准备做某事”

 52. “by oneself” 句型

 ①leave sb by oneself . = leave sb alone . 把某人单独留下

 ②learn sth all by oneself . = teach oneself . 自学

 I learned English all by myself . = I taught myself English .文档来自于网络搜索

 ③oneself 与by oneself

 oneself表示“我自已,我本身,我亲自” by oneself 独自地

 53.“Help yourself to …….”

 Help yourself/ yourselves to +食物 随便吃些、、、、、、

 54. “So it is 与So it is” 句型

 ①So + 主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词 表示对前面提到的事物的认可

 Liu Ying is a good girl . So she is . 刘英是个好女孩。确实如此。文档来自于网络搜索

 Weiwei often helps others . So she does . 微微常帮助别人。的确如此。文档来自于网络搜索

 ②So +助动词/系动词/情态动词 表示前面提到过的情况也适用于别的人

 He is tall , so is his brother . 他个子高,他弟弟个也高。

 Mother can swim , so can I . 妈妈会游泳,我也会。

 They will go for a picnic , so will you . 他们要去野餐,你也去。文档来自于网络搜索

 55.“Do+动词原形”表示强调

 I do think so . 我的确是这样想的。

 He did come . 他的确来过了。

 56. “not …..until”直到、、、、才、、、、、

 I didn’t go to bed until mother came back home .

 57. “have been to 与have gone to”句型

 have been to、、、、、曾经去过、、、、 (去了又回来了)

 have gone to 、、、、、去、、、、、(在途中还没回来)

  Where has he gone ? He has gone to the library .文档来自于网络搜索

 58. “be strict with ……, be strict in …..” 句型

 ①be strict with +sb 对某人要求严格。

 Miss Tang is strict with her students . 唐老师对她的学生要求严格。文档来自于网络搜索

 ②be strict in +sth . 对事情、工作要求严格

 Everyone must be strict in his work . 每个人都必须对工作严格要求。文档来自于网络搜索

 59. “get on / along …..with”

 How are you getting on/along with your new classmates ?文档来自于网络搜索

 60.It is said + 从句“据说、、、、、”

 It is said that the book was published . 据说那本书出版了。

 61.①used to do sth . 过去总做某事(现在不做了)

 He used to get up early . 过去他总早起

 ②be / get / became used to doing sth . 习惯于做某事

 He has been used to getting up early . 他已习惯于早起。

 ③be used to do sth = be used for doing sth “被用来做、、、、”文档来自于网络搜索

 Wood is used to make paper . 木材被用来造纸= Wood is used for making paper.文档来自于网络搜索

 ④use (sth) to do sth . 用、、、做、、、

 ⑤be used as ….“被当作、、、用” The box can be used as a table .文档来自于网络搜索

 ⑥be used by …… “被(某人)使用”

 The recorder is used in class by teachers . 录音机被老师上课使用文档来自于网络搜索

 

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