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英语中考英语英语任务型阅读专项练习

2020-09-10 19:07:22
(英语)中考英语英语任务型阅读专项练习

 一、英语任务型阅读

  阅读下面的短文,在下表中填入恰当的内容完成阅读摘记。1. Marco Polo was from Venice, Italy. In 1271, at the age of 17, Marco went on a trip with his

 father and uncle to China. Today people often travel to different places around the world. But it

 was very hard for people from Europe to visit China then. After three and a half years, the Polos

  reached China in 1275. While he was there, Marco Polo worked for Kublai Khan, the emperor of China. He was able to

 learn and experience many things that were new to Europeans. In his diary, he wrote, Kublai

 Khan's palace is the greatest I've ever seen. The streets of the new capital, Dadu, are so straight

 and so wide. Paper money also took him by surprise, since it was not yet in use in the West at

 that time. Homes were heated with lack stones… which burn like wood. Those stones were

  coal, and most of the Europeans knew little about it then.After 17 years in China, Marco and his family finally returned to Venice. After he returned home,

 Marco completed a book called The Travels of Marco Polo, full of facts about his wonderful

  experiences in China.

  ________ ⑷⑵________ ⑶________ ________ ⑴ experiences ;trip;1292【答案】Marco Polo;17【分析】本文主要介绍了马可波罗历经三年半的时间到达中国。在中国居住了【解析】 年之久,在回家后把在中国的经历著成了一本书。

 。character人物。本文主要介绍马可波罗的事迹,故答案为Marco Polo⑴ In 1271, at the age of 17, Marco went on a trip with his father and uncle to 根据第一段中的⑵ 。trip可知China17岁的时候随父亲和叔叔进行了一次去中国的旅行,故答案为可知他在中国呆根据After 17 years in China, Marco and his family finally returned to Venice⑶年1275the Polos reached China in 1275可知他们在年才回到威尼斯,结合第一段中的了17 。1292到达中国,所以1275+17=1292,故答案为可知书中记叙的是根据文章最后一句⑷full of facts about his wonderful experiences in China 。他在中国的经历。故答案为experiences【点评】任务型阅读的关键在看懂文章,然后根据题目要求作答,注意尽量用文章的语言.

 填写答案。在文章中找不到答案时,要完全理解句子,根据同义词,句型转换的方式找到 可以替换文章中的单词,短语或者句子的词。

  .阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项.2 The Internet is shaping our lives. We already have online shopping services and mobile

 payment. However, this is just a start. The world's leading tech companies are planning to build

 smarter online communities. ________ It was held in Wuzhen, Zhejiang last year. The

 development of artificial intelligence(AI,人工智能) was a hot topic at the conference(会 . If a machine can learn and solve problems as humans do, it can be called AI.议) The company Alibaba uses AI technology in its unmanned supermarket in Wuzhen. There is no

 salesperson in the supermarket, just a tablet on a desk that says please smile. ________ The

 bigger your smile is, the more discounts(折扣) you will get. Payment is done automatically(自动地) through your Alipay(支付宝)account. When you first enter the supermarket, the

  supermarket's AI recognizes your face and your account. There is also AI that can read lips. ________ It recognizes your mouth, s movements and turns

 them into voices or text messages. This could be very useful when you are trying to talk to

 someone on your phone in a noisy place. Police could also use the technology to help them find

  reading recordings from video cameras.criminal suspects by lip﹣ ________ Microsoft's chatbot Xiaolce can not only provide useful information, but also chat

 with people like a real friend. Xiaolce has a WeChat account. After following the account, users

  can start talking with her. ________ She keeps improving herself by talking with users. These technologies are being put into wider use. We may see a smarter world and better lives

  in the near future. A. She knows when to comfort you or tell jokes. B. They discussed this at the World Internet Conference. reading system to the conference.﹣C. Sougou brought its lip D. If you smile, it will give you a special discount for your goods. E. Another type of AI focuses on understanding human emotions. A ;C;E【答案】 B;D;

  根据短文内容,完成下面的表格。.3Have you ever wondered what an American high school is really like? This article will describe a

  high school and its students.(典型的)typical

 A typical American high school has several large buildings and enough space for about l, 500

 students. Every student is given a locker. When students first arrive at school, they go straight to

 their lockers to put away or get their textbooks and to hang up their outdoor clothes. As

 American textbooks are expensive, students would rather loan (租借) than buy them.

  Students must pay back if they lose any of them.American students have different types of school transport. They usually take a yellow school bus

 or walk to school if they live close enough. Sometimes their parents drive them to school. When

 earn

 students If term. one for school at class driving a free take most old, years turn 16 they

 passing grades in the class and also pass their state driver's exam, they can begin driving

  themselves to school.Each day, students take six or seven classes. They must take Science, Maths, English and Social

 Studies. They can choose Art, Homemaking, Fashion Design and other classes. In some schools

 students are required to take one or more of the following special classes: Health Education,

 Physical Education or Foreign Language Studies. Students move to different classrooms for each

 subject. This is because each teacher has their own classroom. There is a five-minute break

  between classes, to give the students the time to hurry to their next class.The regular school day usually ends early in the afternoon. After school more than half of the

 students are involved in after-school activities. These activities include sports-especially football,

 basketball, baseball and soccer or clubs, such as yearbook, speech, school newspaper,

  photograph or student government.

  ________ in an American high school

  Outlines

  Details

  Introduction

  It gives an overview of a typical American high school and its________.

 Lockers and textbooks

  Every student has a locker for textbooks and ________ clothes. They prefer loaning textbooks to ________ them.

 ________ transport

  Students usually go to school by bus or on foot. Sometimes their ________ send them to school by car.They can ________ themselves to school when they are over 16 and have

  passed the required tests.

 Classes and classrooms

 Students have to take main classes, elective classes and sometimes one or more ________ classes. They go to ________ classrooms for each subject.

 After-school activities

 After school most of the students take ________ in their favorite activities, including sports and clubs.

 ;different;special;drive;parents;School;buying;outdoor;students;Life【答案】 part

 【分析】这篇短文讲述的是美国的中学以及学生的生活是什么样子的。短文从美【解析】国中学的学生数量、学生的生活习惯、上学的交通工具、上课的情况以及课外活动等几个 方面进行了描述。这篇短文主要给我们讲述的是美国中学里的生活是什么样子的,所以这里给这篇短文定⑴: ,美国中学里的生活。的题目应该是life in American High Schoolwill article This ⑵这篇短文给我们介绍的是美国的中学以及学生的情况,在短文的第一段中 。可知,故这里应该填describe a typical high school and its students.studentsEvery student is given a locker. When students first arrive at school, they ⑶根据短文的第二段outdoor straight go to to textbooks their get away to their lockers put or and hang up their

 可知,每个学生都有一个锁,他们可以把他们的书和衣服放起来。故这里填clothes. 。outdoor(租loanrather would students expensive, are textbooks American As 根据短文第二段中⑷.

 借) than buy them.可知,因为教科书比较贵,学生们宁愿租借也不愿购买。故这里填 形式。ingprefer doing sth. to doing sth.,所以用buying,句型是⑸根据短文第三段的第一句话American students have different types of school transport.,美 意思是交通工具。transport,国的学生有不同的交通工具上学。故这里应该填⑹根据短文第三段中Sometimes their parents drive them to school.可知,有时候学生的家长 。parents开车送他们去上学,故这里应该填⑺根据短文第三段中When they turn 16 years of age, most take a free driving class at school for

 one term. If students earn passing grades in the class and also pass their state driver's exam, they

 can begin driving themselves to school.可知,当学生年满16岁后,他们就可以参加驾驶考 。试,如果通过的话,就可以自己开车上学。故填drive⑻根据短文的第四段In some schools students are required to take one or more of the following

  。可知,在一些学校里,学生们需要参加一两门特殊的课程。故填specialspecial classes⑼根据短文第四段中Students move to different classrooms for each subject.可知,对于每一 。门科目,学生们都要去不同的教室。故填different⑽根据短文的最后一段可知,放学后,大多数学生都会参加一些他们喜爱的活动,包括体 的意思是参加。take part in 育运动和俱乐部。【点评】任务型阅读的关键在看懂文章,然后根据题目要求作答,注意尽量用文章的语言 填写答案。

  根据短文内容,从方框中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。4. People travelled to see the buildings, the food, the national dresses in foreign countries

 because they thought they would not be the same as those of their own countries in the past.

 ________They all have their Hilton or Sheraton Hotels everywhere. They all have their

 McDonald's, their KFCs and their Pizza Huts. Office buildings look the same everywhere, and

 most city centers are full of office buildings. And of course, people are driving the same brands of

  Japanese or European cars. Then why is the foreign travel more popular nowadays? What do tourists hope to experience m

 a foreign country that they can not experience at home? The answer could be that people could

 be very interested in the past.________Most people travel overseas to find out what foreign

 countries' history and culture used to be like, not what they are like today. Tourists visit different

  kinds of museums in foreign countries so that they can learn their history and culture. Every country also has its own beautiful places for tourists to visit. ________ ________It is not just its old buildings, its works of art or beautiful places, but also the people

 who live in it. This is why a country such as Thailand attracts millions of people. The tourists come

 mainly because of the friendliness of the people there. It is why the Pacific islands are also so

  popular. ________

  A. It's a nation's history and culture that are main attractions.

  B. The friendly people make visitors feel welcome. C. Finally, another attraction is its food. D. At present, however, one large city is similar to another.

  E. Their own special scenery would certainly attract tourists from other countries. F. The culture of a country means a lot. G. People learn about foreign countries by surfing the Internet. B ;;E;F【答案】 D;Anot they can foreign country that do tourists What hope to experience m a 【解析】老师,

  inm应改为。experience at home? 中 【分析】所给选项意思:A. It's a nation's history and culture that are main attractions.这是一个国家历史和主要有 吸引力的文化。

 这些友好的人们使游客感到受欢迎。B. The friendly people make visitors feel welcome. 最后,另一个吸引力是食物。C. Finally, another attraction is its food.D. At present, however, one large city is similar to another.然而,目前,一个大城市和另 一个大城市是相似的。E. Their own special scenery would certainly attract tourists from other countries.它们自 己的特殊的景色当然会吸引来自其它国家的游客。

 一个国家的文化意味着很多。F. The culture of a country means a lot. 人们通过上网了解外国。G. People learn about foreign countries by surfing the Internet. (1)根据 They all have their Hilton or Sheraton Hotels everywhere. They all have their

 McDonald's, their KFCs and their Pizza Huts. Office buildings look the same everywhere,

 and most city centers are full of office buildings. And of course, people are driving the

 same brands of Japanese or European cars. 可知此处说的是目前从一个大城市到另一个 。城市的饮食,兼职和车的品牌等都是一样的。故选D (2)根据 The answer could be that people could be very interested in the past. 人们对 。A过去感兴趣可知国家的历史和文化的主要的吸引力,故选 (3)根据 Every country also has its own beautiful places for tourists to visit. 每个国家有自己美丽的地方让游客参观。可知此处讲的是它们国家靠特殊的景点吸引外国游客。故 。选E (4)根据 It is not just its old buildings, its works of art or beautiful places, but also the

  。F 可知此处说的是一个国家的文化意味着很多。故选people who live in it. (5)根据 The tourists come mainly because of the friendliness of the people there. 可知吸引游客的还有这个国家的友好人们。可知此处讲的是人们的友好使顾客感到受欢迎,故 。选B

 【点评】此题考查任务型阅读理解。弄清所给选项意思,然后仔细阅读短文,根据上下文 的联系和语境确定文章中所缺的句子,从所给的选项中选出正确答案。

  阅读短文,回答问题及翻译划线部分的句子。5. It is said that everyone has two boxes hung on our necks. The small box at the front is full of

 other people's mistakes, while the big one at the back is filled with our own shortcomings(缺点).Most of time, it's easy to find other people's mistakes. It's hard for us to see our mistakes

  behind us. A boy called Tony, always looked at the front box to check what was in it. He saw other people's

 mistakes very quickly. When Ben was impatient with him, he said to Ben, It's so easy for you to

  敧?湡牧獩栠牡?潴戠?牦敩摮?楷桴礠畯尮 He told his mother that Michael was dishonest. Michael takes my things without asking. And

  he forgets to return them. Tony himself did not like sharing his things with anyone. 桗湥?桯?慷?潴?楴敲?潴朠?楨楫杮眠瑩?楨?栠?慳摩?奜畯愠敲猠捵?湡甠普楲湥汤?数獲湯尮 He thought Nick was too proud of his rich parents. But Tony was so proud of himself because

 he could not see any of his own mistakes!①He could not understand why he didn't get on well

 with others. Then his mother said to him, If you change the boxes around, maybe you can find

 the answer. He did it as his mother said, and his face turned red.②他发现自己并不比其他同 .学更好 What's in the back box?(1) Did Tony always look at the front box?(2) ?What did Tony think of his four classmates(3) . 翻译成为中文4)请将划线的句子①( . 翻译成为英文5)请将划线的句子②( Our own shortcomings.)(1【答案】

  Yes, he did.)(2(3)In Tony's opinion, Ben was easy to get angry, Michael was dishonest, John was unfriendly

  and Nick was too proud of his parents. )他不能理解为什么他不能和其他人很好的相处。(4 He found he was not better than others. 5)( 总是看见他人的错误,却看不见自己的缺点。【分析】主要讲了Tony【解析】 (1)根据while the big one at the back is filled with our own shortcomings然而在背后的那个大盒子装满了自己的缺点.可以得知背后的盒子里面的是我们自己的缺点,故答案为Our

  。own shortcomings (2)根据A boy called Tony, always looked at the front box to check what was in it.一个叫做托尼的男孩,总是看着自己面前的盒子里面有什么,由此可知托尼总是看着面前的盒子, 。he did.故采用肯定回答,故答案为Yes, (3)根据he said to Ben,尠瑉潳攠獡?潦?潹?潴朠瑥愠杮祲獩栠牡?潴戠?牦敩摮?楷桴礠畯?was

 Michael that mother his told He ,你太容易生气了,很难和你做朋友他对本说,

 dishonest他告诉他的妈妈迈克尔很不诚实,When John was too tired to go hiking with him,

 he said,尠潙?牡?畳档愠?湵牦敩摮祬瀠牥潳?尠当约翰太累而不和他去远足时,他说,你真是一个不友好的人,He thought Nick was too proud of his rich parents.他认为尼克太骄傲于富裕的父母,结合四个线索句可知在托尼看来Ben是个容易生气的人,迈克尔是个不诚实的人,约翰是个不友好的人,尼克是个骄傲于父母的人,因为全文用一般过去时,故回答也采用一般过去时,故答案为In Tony's opinion,Ben was easy to get angry,Michael was

  。John was unfriendly and Nick was too proud of his parents.dishonest, (4)could not意思是不能;understand意思是理解,why意思是为何,get on well with意思是和某人相处的好;others意思是其他人,故答案为:他不能理解为什么他不能和其他 。人很好的相处. (5)根据他发现自己并不比其他同学更好,也可以理解为他发现,比起别人他不是更好的,发现一词采用find,由于时态为一般过去时,故find变为found,比别人则用than

  He found he was not better than others.。,不是更好的用was not better,故答案为:others 【点评】考查任务型阅读,首先读懂题意,然后带着问题从文中仔细寻找答案。

  根据短文及表格内容列要点。6. In order to learn how the students in our school spend money, we made a survey by asking

 them some questions. First, we asked them how much money they spent last month. And then

 we asked how much money they spent on snacks, books, movies, computer games, phones,

 transportation and other things last month. Our maths teacher helped us make a graph(图表)

  of their answers as follows.

  In our school, each student spent about________yuan on average(平均) last month.

 According to the graph made by our________, teacher, we know how much money the students

 spent on different things in our school. As the graph shows, they spent most on________,

 covering 22% of all. It was followed by computer games and movies. Each of them was________.

  But to our surprise, the students spent________on books, only 6%.【答案】 a hundred/ one hundred/100;maths;Snacks;18%/ eighteen percent/18 percent; least

  介绍了我们学校的学生是如何花钱。【分析】本文【解析】 (1)根据表格第一行信息,可知 每个学生平均花费大约100元 , 故答案是 a hundred/

  。

 one hundred/100.

  (2)根据 Our maths teacher helped us make a graph(图表) of their answers as

  。maths,故答案是 ,可知 我们的数学老师帮助我们制作了一张图表 follows

  (3)根据表格第二行信息,可知花了最多的钱在小吃上,占总数的22% ,故答案是

  。Snacks (4)根据表格第四和五行信息,可知, 接下来是电脑游戏和电影。他们每个人都是 。

 18%/ eighteen percent/18 percent, 故答案是 18% (5)根据表格第三行信息,可知但令我们惊讶的是,学生们只花了最少的6%的钱买书, 。least 故答案是 是最少的least , 【点评】考查任务型阅读,关键在看懂文章,然后根据题目要求作答,注意尽量用文章的语言填写答案。在文章中找不到答案时,要完全理解句子,根据同义词,句型转换的方式 找到可以替换文章中的单词,短语或者句子的词。

  根据图文内容列要点。7. The map below helps you become familiar with the library's resources: Fiction and nonfiction titles for all subjects Current newspapers and magazines Computers accessible with your student ID number Helpful library staff

  Welcome, new students, to Maple Knoll High School Library! Here is an introduction of our

  school library. The ________on the left of the map helps you best understand it. The computer lab is just on the ________of the main entrance. You can enter computers by

 putting into the ________ of your student ID card. There are 4________ copy machines in the

 library. The circulation desk on the left of the main entrance is a place to borrow and return

 books from general stacks. The reading area is in the middle of the library. A water fountain is

  between the ________ and the cellphone area. They're all on the right. If you want to ask for more help, you can go to the librarian's office. restrooms 2;number;right;;two/ key【答案】 地图,帮助你熟悉图书馆的资源在哪里。【分析】本文是图书馆的【解析】,故是地图左边的关键词能帮助你更好地理解它,故答key)根据图示,可知左侧的是1(

  。

 key案是 。,故答案是right)根据图示,可知计算机实验室就在正门的右侧 (2 (3)根据the定冠词后是名词, student ID card,学生证上的是号码,作为密码使用 ,

  。

 故答案是 number可知你可以把你的学生证的号码输入电脑 ,

  (4)根据图示图书管理员室上方和电脑是里各有一台复印机,可知图书馆里有2台复印 。

 故答案是 two/2机 ,

  。restrooms故答案是 )根据图示,可知一个饮水机在休息室和手机区之间 , (5 【点评】考查任务型阅读,关键在看懂文章,然后根据题目要求作答,注意尽量用文章的语言填写答案。在文章中找不到答案时,要完全理解句子,根据同义词,句型转换的方式 找到可以替换文章中的单词,短语或者句子的词。

  根据短文内容列要点。8. Today teamwork is becoming more and more important in businesses and other jobs. Our

  society needs people who can work with and get on well with others. John Brown, Design Works A good team needs people with different skills and talents. The best people can work with

  others and develop ideas with a team. It's important that everyone uses his talents in work. Lee Chung, Computer World Good team players are usually friendly and easy to talk to. They are also good at listening to

  other people. They are happy to share ideas. Jane Lin, Lin Electricals Most teams need a mixture of people. It is great 10 have people with ideas but you also need

 people who get things done on time. A team made up of people that all have the same skills

  would not work. Jim Khan, Northern Bank I prefer people who can bring out the best in other people. In a group you can see people that

 know how to get a team to work together. They understand teams and they can make a team

  work. A good team is the key to success.

  Here is an article about ________. John Brown thinks the best people in a team do well in

 working with others and ________. Lee Chung thinks a good team player should be friendly, easy

 to talk to and ________. In Jane's opinion, a good team needs not only clever people but also

 those who can finish things ________. Jim thinks we need people who can ________ the best in

  others and know how to get a team to work together. bring out on time;developing ideas;;good at listening;【答案】 teamwork 【分析】主要讲了团队合作在商业和其他工作中变得越来越重要。【解析】 (1)根据 Today teamwork is becoming more and more important in businesses and other jobs. 。可知讲的是团队合作,故填teamwork (2)根据The best people can work with others and develop ideas with a team.可知最好的人在哪方面做得好,所以sth.doing in well do 可以和别人一起工作,和团队一起发展想法。.

  。developing ideas用developing,故填develop (3)根据 Good team players are usually friendly and easy to talk to. They are also good at

 listening to other people. They are happy to share ideas.可知优秀的团队球员通常是友好的, 。good at listening容易交谈。他们也善于倾听别人的声音。他们乐于分享想法,故填 (4)根据It is great 10 have people with ideas but you also need people who get things done

  。可知准时完成事情,故填on timeon time. (5)根据I prefer people who can bring out the best in other people.我更喜欢能把别人的优 bring out。点发挥出来的人,故填 【点评】考查任务型阅读,首先读懂文章大意,然后从文中仔细寻找答案。

  .根据短文内容,回答下列问题。9 Every year, during Chongyang Festival, citizens of China show their respect to the elders in their

 families and communities. It's a special tradition which is rooted in the deep value that Chinese

  culture places on honouring their elders. Sadly, many of our aging population are seniors without sons, daughters or grandchildren to

 visit. While they may have great friends, they no doubt miss the tender and loving relationships

 unique to families. To fill this void(空虚),many volunteers turned up at nurs

 

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